Cassava is the most important root crop in Nigeria. And cassava alone contributes about 45% of agricultural GDP in Nigeria for food or domestic purposes but its industrial processing and utilization has been very limited. Currently, the country produces about 40,000,000 tons of the commodity and due to the desire of the federal government to reduce import dependency, there is national plan aimed at increasing the production of cassava starch as a substitute to corn starch. The annual demand for cassava starch is estimated at 350,000 tons, while the national supply is estimated at about 300,000 tons. Therefore the government encourage to build cassava starch processing plant.
Due to cassava can be processing into cassava flour, cassava starch and garri, the cost of cassava processing plant in Nigeria is firstly determined by the end products. The biggest difference for these cassava processing plant is due to the difference on cassava processing equipment. We will take cassava starch processing plant as an example to analyze the cost. To analyze the cost of cassava processing plant in Nigeria, there are several important factors should be taken into consideration. The cost of raw material of cassava, the cost for building cassava processing plant, the cost of cassava processing machinery, The cost for labors as well as the cost for cassava processing plant operation.
The major equipment for production of cassava starch are: dry sieve, paddle washing machine, rasper, centrifuge sieve, fine fiber sieve, desander, peeler centrifuge, flash dryer. The cost of the equipment with capacity of 4 tons of cassava starch per day is N36, 000,000. This includes the cost of installation. Of course, we can also design and manufacture cassava starch processing machine according to customer requirements. Accordingly, the cost of cassava processing plant in Nigeria differs according to demand.