Cassava, a short lived erect perennial shrub with lobed leaves and lanceolate obviate leaflets planted vegetatively from hardwood stem cuttings and grow to 1.5m high producing 5-20 storage roots.
Cassava supplies 70% of the daily calorie intake of over 100million Nigerians and it is globally consumed by an estimated 1billion people. It contains 65% moisture, 32-35% starch, 0.7-2.5% protein, 0.2-0.5% fat, 0.8-1.3% ash, toxic cyanides, glucosides, potassium, iron, calcium, Vitamin A, C, B6, folic acid e.t.c
The advantages of cassava over other crops are: Its adaptation to poor soils in which many crops fail. Its ease of propagation by stem cuttings. Its resistance to drought making it a good reserve crop. Its relatively high yield, despite harsh condition. Cassava can produce more carbohydrate per hectare than any other food staple. It can be planted at anytime of the year provided there is enough moisture for the stem cuttings to take root. Cassava roots can be harvested as needed all year round. They can be left in the ground and harvested from six to forty months from planting
However, with cassava recently becoming a toast for exporters to countries such as China, more people are being involved in the cultivation of the product and researchers have also discovered various uses outside the conventional Garri and Fufu from the tuber.
Cassava has important application in the food and animal feed industries making it the fourth most important supplier of dietary energy in the tropical and sub tropical regions of the world.
Kaifeng Sida provide various of cassava process equipment, including: starch, flour, garri, and fufu, etc. Those directly from cassava leaves, stem, and roots. The products apart Garri and Fufu are flour-for baking chips and pellets-for producing starch, glucose, and starch e.t.c both produced from the roots while the leaves and stems are animal feeds and concentrates.